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Case Overviews

Please note that updates to specific legal challenges may take some time to appear on the site. This can be for one or more of several reasons. The challenges are typically happening in rapidly developing contexts; information on these challenges is only uploaded once all relevant information has been thoroughly checked for accuracy, including with litigants; and in some instances there may be issues related to legal confidentiality to consider. Please check back frequently for updates.

Use the filters to navigate to each case overview and find out more about all cases initiated so far in each jurisdiction. Looking for a specific case? Take a look through the case index.

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Canadian Arms and Palestine

Litigation in Canada, in the context of the situation in Israel and Palestine, has sought to challenge the issuance of export and brokering permits for military goods and technology to Israel as authorised by the Minister of Foreign Affairs on or after 9 October 2023 through an application for a...

Arms in Palestine at the International Court of Justice

Several legal developments in the international arena have taken place in the context of the situation in Palestine, particularly in Gaza, since October 2023. On 1 March 2024, Nicaragua filed an application instituting proceedings against Germany before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for...

Dutch Arms and Palestine

Legal proceedings in the Netherlands in relation to the situation in Palestine since 7 October 2023 have sought to halt the supply of F-35 fighter jet parts to Israel, due to the use of these aircraft in the bombing of Gaza. The transfer of these parts is permitted by a general licence created in...

Arms in Yemen at the European Court of Human Rights

Following the dismissal of a criminal complaint brought in Italy against arms manufacturer RWM Italia S.p.A and senior officials of Italy’s National Authority for the Export of Armament (UAMA), victims of the 8 October 2016 airstrike in Deir Al-Ḩajārī, Yemen brought the case before the...

French Arms and Yemen

Several cases have been brought in France, seeking to halt the export of arms and military goods that risk being used in the Yemen conflict. The matter first entered the courts in 2018, and there have since been several cases brought by different claimants and using varying arguments and approaches,...

Arms in Yemen at the International Criminal Court

Unlike most of the other cases documented on this site in the context of Yemen that have been brought in domestic courts, the case brought before the International Criminal Court (ICC) takes place in the international arena and is exclusively governed by international law. It seeks to establish the...

Canadian Arms and Yemen

Litigation in Canada, in the context of the Yemen conflict, has sought to halt the export of arms and military goods to Saudi Arabia due to the increasingly clear and compelling evidence of their involvement in the commission of international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights...

Belgian Arms and Yemen

From 2017 to date, there have been four administrative challenges launched against the Walloon Regional Government concerning licences for the export of arms to Saudi Arabia that the claimants argue risk being used in serious international law violations (IHL and IHRL) that would fuel, exacerbate,...

Dutch Arms and Yemen, Egypt

Legal proceedings in the Netherlands have sought to cancel and suspend licences issued for the export of military material to the Egyptian Navy, in light of their alleged involvement in the commission of international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights law (IHRL) violations in the...